Scientific Publications

Selected publications by Dan Olweus:

Olweus D (1969) Prediction of aggression. On the basis of a projective test. Stockholm. Skandinaviska testförlaget.

Olweus D. (1973) Personality and aggression. In J. K. Cole and D. D. Jensen (Eds.), Nebraska symposium on motivation 1972. Lincoln, Neb., University of Nebraska Press.

Olweus D (1974) Personality factors and aggression: With special reference to violence within the peer group. In J. de Wit & W. W. Hartup (Eds.), Determinants and origins of aggressive behavior. The Hague, Mouton Press.

Olweus D (1975) Development of a multi-faceted aggression inventory for boys. Reports from the Institute of Psychology, No. 6, University of Bergen, Norway.

Olweus D (1977) Aggression and peer acceptance in adolescent boys: Two short term longitudinal studies of ratings. Child Development, 1977, 48, 978-987.

Olweus D (1978) Aggression in the schools. Bullies and whipping boys. London, John Wiley & Sons.

Olweus D (1979) Stability of aggressive patterns in males. A review. Psychological Bulletin, Vol 86, issue 4, July 1979 (pages 852-875)

Olweus D (1987) School-Yard Bullying-Grounds for Intervention, School Safety, 6, 4-11.

Olweus D (1991) Bully/victim problems among schoolchildren: Basic facts and effects of a school based intervention program. In D. Pepler and K. Rubin (Eds.), The development and treatment of childhood aggression.

Olweus D (1993). Bullying at School: What We Know and What We Can Do. Williston, VT: Blackwell Publishers.

Olweus D (1997) Bully/victim problems in school. Facts and intervention. European Journal of Psychology of Education. 12, 495-510.

Olweus D, Limber, S.  Mihalic, S. (1999) Blueprints for violence prevention. Book nine -  Bullying Prevention Program. Boulder, University of Colorado.

Olweus D (2004) The Olweus Bullying Prevention program: Design and implementation issues and a new national initiative in Norway. I Smith, P. K., Pepler, D & Rigby, K. (Eds.), Bullying in schools, how successful can interventions be? Cambridge University Press.

Olweus D (2012) Cyberbullying: An overrated phenomenon? Invited expert discussion paper. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012, 1-19


Selected publications by the Olweus research team

Endresen, I.  Olweus, D. (2003) Participation in power sports and antisocial involvement in preadolescent and adolescent boys. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, Vol 46, pp 468-478.

Kallestad, J H & Olweus D (2003) Predicting Teachers' and Schools' Implementation of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program: A Multilevel Study.Prevention & Treatment, Vol 6(1),

Solberg M E & Olweus D (2003) Prevalence estimation of school bullying using the Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire. Aggressive Behavior, 29, 239-268.

Breivik K & Olweus D (2006) Children of divorce in a Scandinavian welfare state: Are they less affected than US children? Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, Vol 47, pp 61-74.

Olweus D & Limber S (2010) Bullying in School: Evaluation and Dissemination of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, Vol 80, pp 124-134.

Olweus D & Kallestad JH (2010) The Olweus Bullying Prevention Program: Effects of Classroom Components at Different Grade Levels. in. Österman K: Indirect and direct aggression. Peter Lang Publisher, New Your pp115-131

Breivik K & Olweus D (2012). An item response theory analysis of the Olweus Bullying scale. Manuscript. Bergen, RKBU Vest. Uni Research.


Evaluations and systematic reviews:

Whitney, I., Rivers, I., Smith, P., & Sharp, S, (1994) The Sheffield Project: methodology and findings. In:  Smith, P. and Sharp, S. (Eds.) School Bullying: Insights and Perspectives. New York, Routledge.

Pepler, D.J., Craig, W., Ziegler, S., and Charach, A. (1994). An Evaluation of an Anti-Bullying Intervention in Toronto Schools, Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health, 13, 95-100.

Stevens, V., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., & Van Oost, P. (2000). Bullying in Flemish schools: An evaluation of anti-bullying intervention in primary and secondary schools. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 70, 195-210

Limber, S. P., Nation, M., Tracy, A. J., Melton, G. B., & Flerx, V. (2004). Implementation of the Olweus Bullying Prevention programme in the southeastern United States. In P. K. Smith, D. Pepler, & K. Rigby (Eds.), Bullying in schools: How successful can interventions be? (pp. 55-79). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hanewinkel, R. (2004) Prevention of bullying in Geman schools: An evaluation of an anti-bullying approach. In P. K. Smith, D. Pepler, & K. Rigby (Eds.), Bullying in schools: How successful can interventions be? (pp. 55-79). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kyriakides, L., Kaloyirou, C & Lindsay, G. (2006). Analysis of the revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire using the Rasch measurement model. British Journal of Educational psychology, 76, 781-801. British Psychological Society

Ttofi MM, Farrington DP & Baldry AC (2008): Effectiveness of Programmes to Reduce School Bullying: A systematic review. Stockholm. Report to the Swedish National Council on Crime Prevention. Available from

Farrington DP, Lösel F, Ttofi MM, Theodorakis N (2012): School Bullying, Depression and Offending Behavior later in Life. An updater systematic review of longitudinal studies. Stockholm. Report to the Swedish National Council on Crime Prevention. Available from